كلمات أو أدوات الربط
Expressing purpose التعبير على الهدف
To ل, بهدف, بغية
To learn a language, the best way is to live in the country where is it spoken.
In order to , لكي,من أجل
In order to learn a language, the best way is to live in the country where it is spoken.
So that كي , لكي
Complete sentence (a) so that it means the same as (b).
For من أجل ماذا
What are you learning English for?
Giving examples لإعطاء الأمثلة
For example مثلا
Write about a game, tennis for example.
For instance مثلا
You can write about a game, football for instance.
Such as مثل
You can write about a game, such as darts if you wish.
He spoke English and French.
Also كذلك و أيضا
I have a good eyesight, and also a good colour vision.
Too كذلك و أيضا
He loves his sisters, and his brothers too.
as well كذلك و أيضا
He speaks English and French as well.
Besides بالإضافة إلى
Besides French, he speaks English.
Not only … but…. also
He speaks not only French, but also English.
Contrasting المقابلة أو المغايرة
He is small, but he is very strong.
However مع ذلك ,لكن
Beauty, however, said nothing to the beast.
Although this comforted him, it did not stop him from weeping.
The ogre got tired, despite his magic boots.
In spite of رغم
In spite of his magic boots, the ogre got tired.
Nevertheless ومع ذلك
I am horrible to look at. Nevertheless, promise me that you will never leave me.
On the contrary عكس ذلك
She did not beat him; on the contrary, she thanked him.
Expressing cause and result التعبير على السبب و النتيجة
It doesn’t matter, because father doesn’t smoke.
Because of بسبب
Do the players wear such clothes because of the cold?
He was hungry, so he sat and started to eat.
As بما أن
As it is the first time, I’ll forgive you.
You have an exam, therefore you must work hard.
This / that is why هذا لماذا
I was sleeping, this is why I didn’t hear the bell.
Consequently نتيجة لذلك
I was sleeping, consequently I didn’t hear the bell.
For this reason لهذا السبب
I was sleeping, for this reason I didn’t hear the bell